At present, around 1 to 1.5% of the global population suffers from DID (Dissociative Identity Disorder) or multiple personality disorder. This condition is marked by one person having multiple personalities, resulting in a frightening experience for the sufferer. The sufferer usually “forgets” when the other personality or “alter” takes over.
In this blog, learn all about DID (Dissociative Identity Disorder) and opt for online doctor consultation in India from the best counsellors and psychologists from Doctor2Care.
For more details on DID, read on!
Dissociative Identity Disorder is a mental health condition characterized by having two or more distinct personalities within one person.
Dissociation can be simply explained as a disconnection between reality and a person’s experience or perception of himself. This condition typically affects consciousness, identity, memory, and self-awareness, four aspects which usually work harmoniously without any hiccups.
Previously, DID (Dissociative Identity Disorder) used to be known as multiple personality disorder and at present is listed among the dissociative disorders of the DSM-V classification.
The first and most significant symptom of DID is that the person will experience the presence of “alters”.
Alters are distinctive personalities with unique personal histories, mannerisms, genders, and different core values.
These unique personalities or alters take control of the person’s behaviour recurrently or alternatively.
When it happens, the person may or may not remember what happened when the alter or other personality was in control.
Other symptoms of DID are:
At the outset, it should be mentioned that there exists some controversy regarding the diagnosis of DID.
Some doctors feel that people with DID are very suggestible or may have a greater susceptibility to hypnosis. Hence, the patients may experience “alters” as a result of the suggestions made to them by others.
However, there are other studies that show that persons with DID have different physiological profiles, such as brain pattern activation, or cardiovascular responses. This seems to confirm the presence of alters.
Yet, DID diagnosis continues to be a bit of a controversial topic.
However, DSM-V lays down diagnostic criteria for the condition. They are as follows:
Trauma is believed to be the root cause of DID, with 90% of the sufferers having experienced some form of past emotional or physical abuse.
People with DID often report repeated sexual and physical abuse in their childhood. Moreover, they may display self-harming behaviours, impulsive behaviours, and instability in relationships.
There exists a theory that people with DID have experienced unthinkable pain and trauma as children and have coped with the effects of those memories by strong dissociation. Over time, this dissociation has led to the formation of different personalities or alters.
Furthermore, DID sufferers may also experience trauma-related symptoms such as nightmares, flashbacks or other PTSD-related symptoms.
The chief treatment for Dissociative Identity Disorder is psychotherapy. Psychotherapy helps to integrate multiple personalities into one, integrated personality.
The core focus of psychotherapy is to help the person cope with past trauma, to process memories related to that trauma and improve relationships with others, especially family and friends.
Furthermore, antidepressants and anti-anxiety medication can also be used to treat the patient.
If you know someone suffering from DID, you can learn all about the topic and its symptoms before you set out to support them. You can be there for them by offering to attend therapy or providing them with a shoulder to cry on. Most importantly however you should stay calm when the different personalities manifest.
In conclusion, we at Doctor2Care, an online doctor consultation India would like to tell you that you can conveniently opt for online counselling if you think that you are suffering from any of these symptoms. The counsellors available at our portal are more than capable of handling and treating any problem. So get in touch with them only on Doctor2Care today!